The first thing we have to mention in this article is that Venezuela has a privileged location north of South America, we are a tropical country with a climate that has two seasons; Drought and Rain, we do not have winter or autumn, which makes it possible to produce agricultural items of high demand for Venezuelans such as corn, tomato, paprika, banana, plantains, papaya, passion fruit, among others throughout the year.
By not having winter, Venezuela also becomes an ideal country for the breeding of livestock species such as cattle, buffalo and goats because there is availability for grazing areas throughout the year. Another advantage in this regard is that special structures are not needed to protect our livestock from snow or intense frost that may occur in the winter season.
Cattle grazing in the valleys of Aragua State, Venezuela
And these are only the climatic advantages, because there are other reasons to think that Venezuela can become a true agricultural potency, and one of them is the low impact that natural phenomena exert on Our Country. The most serious earthquake that Venezuela has faced recently has been the Earthquake in Caracas in 1967 (statistically speaking, since in the country there have been other telluric phenomena that have generated human and material losses, not as numerous as the earthquake Caracas but equally lamentable).
On the other hand, the natural phenomena that most affect Venezuela are the tropical storms and hurricanes of the hurricanes that cross the Caribbean Sea. However, the Venezuelan coasts have huge mountain ranges that become natural barriers against these phenomena for most of our territory, being the places most affected by these phenomena the islands, bays and inlets belonging to the States located north of Our Country , and also the Nueva Esparta State and the Insular Territory Francisco de Miranda.
Apart from the aforementioned, it should be noted that there are natural phenomena that have greatly affected Our Country and are constantly occurring; we refer to phenomena caused by strong and continuous rainfall that cause floods and landslides that affect both urban areas such as agriculture, livestock and aquaculture.
In this aspect the biggest natural disaster we have faced has been the Vargas Tragedy in December 1999.
Likewise, heavy rainfalls in Venezuela cause damage in agricultural areas caused by floods and river growth, such as in the La Guapa sector, very close to the city of Higuerote in the municipality of Brión of Miranda State. In the aforementioned sector, various agricultural products are produced, ranging from lemons to pumpkins and plantains, since this place has the conditions to produce these crops.
The biggest problem facing sectors such as La Guapa in Venezuela is the rainy season, because if the river that crosses the sector grows more than usual due to prolonged rainfall, it will leave its cause and could drag plantations and irrigation systems in the worst of the cases (take into account that we are talking only about damages in the agricultural area), on the other hand a river growth could also cause severe waterlogging in the land where our crops are and cause the rotting of their roots due to the excess of humidity.
Another problem that occurs in the rainy season is the flooding or ponding of flat land that does not have appropriate drainage, as in the Los Galpones sector of the Andrés Bello Municipality, Miranda State when very long rains fall on the mentioned sector. However, this last problem can be solved with a correct soil preparation that includes drainage channels that carry the excess water in the soil to a designated space for water to flow to a river or the sea.
Joselyn Moreno, Host of the 1st Season, crossing bridge in Sector La Guapa, Brión Municipality, Miranda State, Venezuela.
Pumpkin and plantain crops in La Guapa, Miranda State.
Pumpkin plants sown with a 5 meter by 5 meter frame in the Los Galpones Sector, Andrés Bello Municipality, Miranda State.
As is fair we have mentioned some of the main advantages and disadvantages of producing agricultural or livestock products in Venezuela, as can be seen the main problem, in terms of the natural conditions of the country, which is the agricultural sector is due to weather phenomena . These problems are experienced by other American countries such as Colombia, Uruguay and Argentina, in which heavy and prolonged rainfall causes considerable damage to the agricultural sector.
Onion harvest at Hacienda Paraparo, Lara State.
Sembrando un País 1st Season, Joselyn Moreno interviewing producer José Cabarico during tangerine harvest. Araira, Miranda State.
Sembrando un País 2nd Season, Fran Afonso interviewing Agronomist Luis Haddad in the Anthurium plantation. Distribuidora Agrícola Doña Adela, Miranda State.
However, this problem does not represent an obstacle for countries such as Venezuela to become agricultural potencies, especially taking into account that multiple solutions can be offered to improve the condition of these sectors. One of them we mentioned previously; when preparing the soil, include drainage channels to avoid waterlogging in the ground caused by the accumulation of rainwater. Another measure, which in our opinion can be taken in this regard, is to keep prudential distances from rivers or aquatic spaces that are close to or within the production units at the time of establishing the areas of cultivation or breeding, the same can also be applied to mountainous areas, where we can avoid establishing plantations or livestock production near ravines and hillsides where landslides are very likely.
Why do we think that Venezuela can become an agricultural power?
Our country has enough land and spaces that allow us to develop a very varied amount of crops, raise different types of livestock, birds and fish to supply the entire Venezuelan population and export agricultural products to other countries. If we compare our main advantages with our main disadvantages we can realize that the problems that bring us the natural conditions of our territory can be improved and overcome, we can produce food all year without incurring the costs and delay it brings for any agricultural producer the winter.
Aloe crops with irrigation system. Production Unit Capátarida, Falcón State.
Sheds equipped with state-of-the-art technology for breeding laying hens. Organization El Tunal, Lara State.
Agricultural parcels and households in San Pedro de Los Altos, Guaicaipuro Municipality, State. Miranda.
In short we have a wonderful climate, we have different altitudinal levels, different types of soil and arable land, we are not affected constantly or seriously by earthquakes or hurricanes (as unfortunately happens in other countries, which nevertheless have gone ahead admirably despite these conditions). Our conclusion is that if we can be a true agricultural potency, the National Territory meets the conditions for it, the rest depends on us.